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Biodiversity Heritage Library

Inspiring discovery through free access to biodiversity knowledge. | The Biodiversity Heritage Library improves research methodology by collaboratively making biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.

BHL also serves as the foundational literature component of the Encyclopedia of Life .

The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is a consortium of natural history and botanical libraries that cooperate to digitize the legacy literature of biodiversity held in their collections and to make that literature available for open access and responsible use as a part of a global “biodiversity commons.” The BHL consortium works with the international taxonomic community, rights holders, and other interested parties to ensure that this biodiversity heritage is made available to a global audience through open access principles. In partnership with the Internet Archive and through local digitization efforts, the BHL has digitized millions of pages of taxonomic literature, representing nearly 100,000 titles and over 160,000 volumes.

181,771
RESULTS
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Media Type
18
collections
181,753
texts
Year
1,855
1932
2,106
1931
2,390
1930
2,124
1929
2,186
1928
2,323
1927
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Topics & Subjects
13,460
Plants, Ornamental Catalogs
12,884
Flowers Seeds Catalogs
10,614
Vegetables Seeds Catalogs
9,299
Natural history
9,084
Science
7,908
Botany
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Collection
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Creator
1,207
united states. bureau of entomology and plant quarantine
1,088
engelmann, george,
724
u.s. fish and wildlife service
684
golden gate audubon society.; audubon association of the pacific.; audubon society of the pacific.
568
harvard university. museum of comparative zoology
550
united states national museum
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Language
135,389
English
15,521
German
12,838
French
2,763
Latin
2,708
Spanish
2,318
Italian
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SHOW DETAILS
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eye
Title
Date Published
Creator
botanicus
collection
8,498
ITEMS
6.8M
VIEWS
collection
eye 6.8M
Botanicus is a freely accessible portal to historic botanical literature from the Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H. Raven Library. Botanicus is made possible through support from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, W.M. Keck Foundation, and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Topic: botanicus biodiversity missouri botanical garden library
Chinese Academy Science
collection
1,042
ITEMS
1M
VIEWS
collection
eye 1M
The Chinese Academy of Science
Topic: chinese academy science
Expanding Access to Biodiversity Literature
collection
7,359
ITEMS
385,425
VIEWS
collection
eye 385,425
Expanding Access to Biodiversity Literature, which is funded generously by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS), will significantly increase online access to biodiversity material by positioning the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) as an on-ramp for biodiversity content providers that would like to contribute to the national digital library infrastructure through the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA).
darwinslibrary
collection
315
ITEMS
261,361
VIEWS
collection
eye 261,361
A scholarly edition of Darwin's scientific archive.
Topic: charles darwin biodiversity heritage library missouri botanical garden
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
collection
1,613
ITEMS
222,810
VIEWS
collection
eye 222,810
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
statement of responsibility: collected from most authentick authors, augmented with later observations, and adorn'd with maps and sculptures by John Ogilby
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Smithsonian Field Books
collection
2,747
ITEMS
173,179
VIEWS
collection
eye 173,179
This collection contains items from the Smithsonian Field Book Project, an initiative to increase accessibility to field book content that documents natural history.
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956
texts
eye 167,509
favorite 21
comment 2
Includes bibliographies
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Bacteriology, Bacteria -- classification, Bacteriology
BHL Field Notes Project
collection
3,507
ITEMS
109,847
VIEWS
collection
eye 109,847
The BHL Field Notes Project is a collaborative project funded by the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR). It provides open access to field notes from institutions throughout the United States. Building on the work of the Smithsonian Field Book Project, the BHL Field Notes Project aims not only to provide general access to this material, but to reunite fragmented collections through institutional collaboration. Doing so will provide a more complete picture of the expeditions,...
collection
eye 73,782
The Library, Art & Archives of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew was established 160 years ago and contains one of the largest collections of material in the world relating to botany. The collections comprise 300,000 printed volumes, 5,000 journal titles and 11,000 maps. The Art and Illustrations Collection is without equal and is made up of over 200,000 items – watercolours, prints, drawings, oil paintings and photographs – by some of the finest artists working in the field of botanical...
Cornell University Library
texts
eye 70,947
favorite 5
comment 1
The metadata below describe the original scanning. Follow the "All Files: HTTP" link in the "View the book" box to the left to find XML files that contain more metadata about the original images and the derived formats (OCR results, PDF etc.). See also the What is the directory structure for the texts? FAQ for information about file content and naming conventions.
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Poultry
10
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Botany -- Great Britain, Wild flowers -- Great Britain Identification
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
The Library of Congress
by Korinek, Charles James, 1880- [from old catalog]
texts
eye 59,689
favorite 3
comment 0
Topic: Cattle
University of Toronto - John M. Kelly Library
by Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882
texts
eye 50,764
favorite 51
comment 0
Previously published as: On the origin of species by means of natural selection
Topics: Evolution, Natural selection
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Dieter, George Ellwood
texts
eye 44,525
favorite 18
comment 5
Includes bibliography
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 5 reviews )
Topics: Strength of materials, Physical metallurgy, Metal-work
Bibliographies interspersed
Topic: Insects
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Thompson, D'Arcy Wentworth, 1860-1948
texts
eye 42,733
favorite 35
comment 1
Includes bibliographical references and index
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Growth, Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Piper, Robert G
texts
eye 36,459
favorite 5
comment 0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topic: Fish hatcheries -- Management
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Hitchens, Arthur Parker, 1877-; Murray, Everitt George Dunne, 1890-
texts
eye 33,330
favorite 3
comment 0
Topics: Bacteriology, Schizomycetes, Bacteriologia
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Royal Society (Great Britain)
texts
eye 30,556
favorite 0
comment 0
Topic: Plants
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Snodgrass, R. E. (Robert E.), 1875-1962
texts
eye 29,923
favorite 64
comment 6
Insects, their way and means of living. Copy 1 (STRI) 7718. 362 p. illus.
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 6 reviews )
Topic: Insects
botanicus
by Asiatic Society (Calcutta, India)
texts
eye 27,588
favorite 3
comment 0
Topics: Asia, India
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Chidester, Floyd Earle, 1884-1947
texts
eye 25,291
favorite 10
comment 0
Contains bibliographies
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Beveridge, W. I. B. (William Ian Beardmore), 1908-
texts
eye 23,765
favorite 28
comment 1
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Research
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Potter, George Edwin, 1898-
texts
eye 23,737
favorite 24
comment 1
Bibliography: p. 889-904
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
texts
eye 22,777
favorite 8
comment 0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
Pacific Northwest Horticulture
collection
777
ITEMS
22,614
VIEWS
collection
eye 22,614
Pacific Northwest plant and garden society publications.
OISE/UT Library
by Pliny, the Elder; Rackham, H. (Harris), 1868-1944
texts
eye 21,330
favorite 12
comment 1
Latin and English on opposite pages
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Natural history
14
Topics: English language -- Glossaries, vocabularies, etc, Gaelic language -- Glossaries, vocabularies,...
Originally published in 1652 under title: The English physician
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Materia medica, Botany, Medical, Herbs
Journal move 1991
Topics: Fishes -- North America, Fishes
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 20,923
favorite 2
comment 0
Topics: Stains and staining (Microscopy), Stains and Staining, Dyes
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 20,497
favorite 3
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 183-188
Topics: Pteridophyta, Botany -- Morphology
The Library of Congress
texts
eye 20,160
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Cockfighting
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Strasburger, Eduard, 1844-1912; Schenck, H. (Heinrich), 1860-1927; Noll, Fritz, 1858-1908; Karsten, George, 1863-1937; Lang, W. H. (William Henry), b. 1874
texts
eye 20,087
favorite 5
comment 0
"Index of literature": p. 691-715
Topic: Botany -- Textbooks
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology. Committee on Bacteriological Technic
texts
eye 19,330
favorite 3
comment 1
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Microbiology -- Technique, Bacteriology -- Cultures and culture media
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 19,152
favorite 16
comment 0
Source: London, UK
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
texts
eye 18,782
favorite 1
comment 0
Bibliography: p. xi-xix
Topics: Soil microbiology, Microorganisms
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 18,695
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 45, 47, 48, 50 and 52 were published as "Quarterly issue, v. 1-5, 1903-10", designed as a medium for the early publication of the results of researches and for reports of a preliminary nature; this form of publication was discontinued after v. 52
Topic: Science
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Maheshwari, P. (Panchanan), 1904-1966
texts
eye 18,511
favorite 2
comment 0
Includes bibliographies
Topics: Angiosperms, Botany -- Embryology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 18,038
favorite 0
comment 0
Includes bibliographical references (p. 482-495) and index
Topics: Frederick H. Rawson-Field museum ethnological expedition to West Africa, 1929-1930, Ethnology --...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
texts
eye 18,026
favorite 2
comment 0
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
texts
eye 17,755
favorite 6
comment 0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Harvey, E. Newton (Edmund Newton), 1887-1959
texts
eye 17,710
favorite 13
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 601-669
Topics: Luminescence, Phosphorescence, Fluorescence
The Library of Congress
texts
eye 17,511
favorite 2
comment 0
Topic: Mink farming
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 17,267
favorite 0
comment 0
GeoRef
Topic: Science
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Humason, Gretchen L
texts
eye 17,002
favorite 2
comment 0
Topics: Histology -- Technique, Stains and staining (Microscopy), Histochemistry -- Technique
14
Topics: Agriculture, English language, English language, Home economics, cbk
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Mann, Thaddeus, 1908-
texts
eye 16,559
favorite 3
comment 0
Topics: Semen, Spermatozoa, Genitalia, Male, Semen
Topic: Plants
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain)
texts
eye 16,264
favorite 1
comment 0
Topics: Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain), Great Britain -- Colonies Periodicals
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 16,255
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
"Abbreviations and publication references" : p. 77-78
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Materia medica -- Iran, Botany, Medical, Botany -- Iran, Botany -- Iraq, Medicine -- Formulae,...
OISE/UT Library
by Pliny, the Elder; Rackham, H. (Harris), 1868-1944
texts
eye 16,080
favorite 6
comment 0
Latin and English on opposite pages
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 16,060
favorite 1
comment 0
Bibliography: 7th prelim. page
Topics: Electronics, Physics, German language
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Army. Corps of Engineers; Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)
texts
eye 15,849
favorite 3
comment 0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topics: Coastal engineering, Shore protection
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Young, J. Z. (John Zachary), 1907-
texts
eye 15,728
favorite 10
comment 2
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates, Fossil
University of Toronto - Robarts Library
texts
eye 15,665
favorite 2
comment 0
26
Topics: Encyclopedias and dictionaries -- Early works to 1600, Education of princes, Civilization,...
University of Toronto - Robarts Library
texts
eye 15,134
favorite 2
comment 0
26 52
Topic: Agriculture -- Early works to 1800
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Cientfica Argentina; Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1st : 1898 : Buenos Aires, Argentina); Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1910 : Buenos Aires, Argentina)
texts
eye 14,958
favorite 0
comment 0
The society organized the "Congreso Cientifico Latino Americano" held in Buenos Aires in 1898, and the "Congreso Cientifico International Americano" held in the same city in 1910; the results of these congresses (organization, membership, etc., and some of the papers) were published in the Anales, v. 45, 1898, and v. 69-70, 1910
Topics: Science, Science -- Argentina
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Willis, J. C. (John Christopher), 1868-1958
texts
eye 14,936
favorite 7
comment 0
Topic: Botany
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 14,833
favorite 1
comment 0
Includes bibliography
Topics: Protozoa, Pathogenic, Veterinary protozoology, Medical protozoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Office of Scientific Research and Development; Bush, Vannevar, 1890-1974
texts
eye 14,457
favorite 4
comment 0
Topics: Science and state -- United States, Research -- United States
The Library of Congress
by Craig, Robert Alexander, 1872-
texts
eye 14,400
favorite 2
comment 0
"Reference books": p. 328
Topic: Veterinary medicine
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 14,294
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
"A short list of Leeuwenhoek's writings": p. 388-397
Topics: Leeuwenhoek, Antoni van, 1632-1723, Protozoa, Bacteria, Bacteriology, Microbiology, Science
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kudo, Richard R. (Richard Roksabro), b. 1886
texts
eye 14,185
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Protozoa
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 14,182
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Riley, Herbert Parkes, 1904-
texts
eye 14,001
favorite 7
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 545-569
Topic: Cytogenetics
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 13,910
favorite 0
comment 0
Issues for 1858- bound in 2 vols. annually, called: nouvelle période, année 1858, t. 1-
University of Toronto - John M. Kelly Library
by Bergson, Henri, 1859-1941
texts
eye 13,904
favorite 10
comment 0
Topics: Metaphysics, Evolution, Life
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Little, Elbert Luther, 1907-; Wadsworth, Frank H. (Frank Howard)
texts
eye 13,795
favorite 13
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 18
Topics: Trees -- Puerto Rico, Trees -- Virgin Islands of the United States
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 13,698
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 13,561
favorite 0
comment 0
Topic: Culture Media